Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

Contact

CD14++CD16+ monocytes and cardiovascular outcome in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Abstract

Aims Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) pose a worldwide growing burden to health care systems due to accelerated atherosclerosis and subsequent high cardiovascular (CV) morbidity. Atherogenesis is prominently driven by monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages. The expression of CD14 and CD16 characterizes three monocyte subsets: CD14(++)CD16(-), CD14(++)CD16(+), and CD14((+))CD16(+) cells; the latter two are often denoted as 'proinflammatory' CD16(+) monocytes. Despite an association between CD16(+) monocyte counts and higher CV risk in cross-sectional cohorts, the prognostic impact of elevated CD16(+) monocyte counts is poorly understood. Methods and results We assessed monocyte heterogeneity using flow cytometry in 119 patients with non-dialysis CKD, who were prospectively followed for a median of 4.9 (inter-quartile range 4.8-5.0) years for the occurrence of CV events. In addition, we assessed expression of chemokine receptors on monocyte subsets. CD14(++)CD16(+) monocyte were independently associated with CV events [hazard ratio (for an increase of 10 cells/μL) 1.26 (confidence interval: 1.04-1.52; P = 0.018)] after adjustment for variables that significantly affected CD14(++)CD16(+) cell counts at baseline. Across the spectrum of CKD, CD14(++)CD16(+) monocytes selectively expressed CCR5. Conclusion We found that CD14(++)CD16(+) monocytes were independently associated with CV events in non-dialysis CKD patients. Our results support the notion that CD16(+) monocytes rather than CD16(-) monocytes are involved in human atherosclerosis.

Authors: Rogacev KS, Seiler S, Zawada AM, Reichart B, Herath E, Roth D, Ulrich C, Fliser D, Heine GH.
Journal: Eur Heart J. 32(1):84-92
Year: 2011
PubMed: Find in PubMed