Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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High levels of IDO-expressing CD16+ peripheral cells, and Tregs in graft biopsies from kidney transplant recipients under belatacept treatment

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a tryptophan-degrading enzyme that suppresses T-lymphocyte activity. Costimulation blockade through CTLA4lg increases IDO in antigen-presenting cells. The suppressive effect of IDO is thought to be mediated by Foxp3+CD4+CD25+ regulatory T-cells (Tregs). OBJECTIVE: In this descriptive study, we evaluated the percentage of IDO-expressing peripheral cell subpopulations as well as Tregs in 27 stable kidney transplant recipients receiving either belatacept (LEA29Y), a daughter compound of abatacept (CTLA4lg; n = 19) or cyclosporine (n = 8). METHODS: Blood samples were obtained at 24 ± 2 months (belatacept) and 23 ± 6 months (cyclosporine) of treatment. Intracellular IDO was analyzed by flow cytometry in CD14+, CD11c+, CD16+, CD56+, and CD8+ cell subpopulations. Tregs were assessed by intracellular Foxp3 detection in CD4+CD25+ cells. CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD20+, CD68+, IDO+, and Foxp3+ cells were evaluated by immunohistochemistry on graft biopsies obtained preimplantation, at 12 months posttransplant, and in subjects with dysfunction during the first 12 months. RESULTS: Only percentages of CD16+/IDO+-expressing peripheral monocytes were significantly increased among the group receiving belatacept. No differences were observed in peripheral Tregs between the groups. In contrast, higher percentages of Tregs, CD4+, CD8+, and CD68+ cells were noted in dysfunction and at 12 months vs baseline among graft biopsies in subjects receiving belatacept, and also among dysfunction cohorts of belatacept vs Cyclosporine treatment. CONCLUSION: Patients receiving belatacept showed greater amounts of peripheral blood CD16+/IDO+ cells and Tregs on graft biopsies than those under cyclosporine treatment.

Authors: Furuzawa-Carballeda J, Lima G, Uribe-Uribe N, Avila-Casado C, Mancilla E, Morales-Buenrostro LE, Pérez-Garrido J, Pérez M, Cárdenas G, Llorente L, Alberú J
Journal: Transplant Proc. ;42(9):3489-96
Year: 2010
PubMed: Find in PubMed