Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Regulation of Monocyte Functional Heterogeneity by miR-146a and Relb

Abstract

Monocytes serve as a central defense system against infection and injury but can also promote pathological inflammatory responses. Considering the evidence that monocytes exist in at least two subsets committed to divergent functions, we investigated whether distinct factors regulate the balance between monocyte subset responses in vivo. We identified a microRNA (miRNA), miR-146a, which is differentially regulated both in mouse (Ly-6Chi/Ly-6Clo) and human (CD14hi/CD14loCD16+) monocyte subsets. The single miRNA controlled the amplitude of the Ly-6Chi monocyte response during inflammatory challenge whereas it did not affect Ly-6Clo cells. miR-146a-mediated regulation was cell-intrinsic and depended on Relb, a member of the noncanonical NF-B/Rel family, which we identified as a direct miR-146a target. These observations not only provide mechanistic insights into the molecular events that regulate responses mediated by committed monocyte precursor populations but also identify targets for manipulating Ly-6Chi monocyte responses while sparing Ly-6Clo monocyte activity.

Authors: Martin Etzrodt, Virna Cortez-Retamozo, Andita Newton, Jimmy Zhao, Aylwin Ng, Moritz Wildgruber, Pedro Romero, Thomas Wurdinger, Ramnik Xavier, Frederic Geissmann, Etienne Meylan, Matthias Nahrendorf, Filip K. Swirski, David Baltimore, Ralph Weissleder, Mi
Journal: Cell Rep 19: 317-24
Year: 2012
PubMed: Find in PubMed