Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Platelets mediate oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced monocyte extravasation and foam cell formation.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: A growing body of evidence indicates that platelets contribute to the onset and progression of atherosclerosis by modulating immune responses. We aimed to elucidate the effects of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) on platelet-monocyte interactions and the consequences of these interactions on platelet phagocytosis, chemokine release, monocyte extravasation, and foam cell formation. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Confocal microscopy and flow cytometric analysis revealed that in vitro and in vivo stimulation with OxLDL resulted in rapid formation of platelet-monocyte aggregates, with a preference for CD16+ monocyte subsets. This platelet-monocyte interaction facilitated OxLDL uptake by monocytes, in a process that involved platelet CD36-OxLDL interaction, release of chemokines, such as CXC motif ligand 4, direct platelet-monocyte interaction, and phagocytosis of platelets. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase with acetylsalicylic acid and antagonists of ADP receptors, P2Y1 and P2Y12, partly abrogated OxLDL-induced platelet-monocyte aggregates and platelet-mediated lipid uptake in monocytes. Platelets also enhanced OxLDL-induced monocyte transmigration across an endothelial monolayer via direct interaction with monocytes in a transwell assay. Importantly, in LDLR(-/-) mice, platelet depletion resulted in a significant decrease of peritoneal macrophage recruitment and foam cell formation in a thioglycollate-elicited peritonitis model. In platelet-depleted wild-type mice, transfusion of ex vivo OxLDL-stimulated platelets induced monocyte extravasation to a higher extent when compared with resting platelets. CONCLUSIONS: Our results on OxLDL-mediated platelet-monocyte aggregate formation, which promoted phenotypic changes in monocytes, monocyte extravasation and enhanced foam cell formation in vitro and in vivo, provide a novel mechanism for how platelets potentiate key steps of atherosclerotic plaque development and plaque destabilization

Authors: Badrnya S, Schrottmaier WC, Kral JB, Yaiw KC, Volf I, Schabbauer G, Söderberg-Nauclér C, Assinger A.
Journal: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol.;34:571-80
Year: 2014
PubMed: Find in PubMed