Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Pro- and anti-inflammatory substances modulate expression of the leukotriene B4 receptor, BLT1, in human monocytes

Abstract

The high-affinity leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) receptor, BLT1, is a chemotactic receptor involved in inflammatory responses. In this study, we have explored the regulation of BLT1 expression in human monocytes by pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and dexamethasone. We found that proinflammatory mediators, such as interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and LPS, down-regulated expression, whereas the anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10, and dexamethasone up-regulated BLT1 mRNA expression. The effect of IFN-gamma on BLT1 mRNA expression was rapidly detectable (<4 h) and concentration-dependent (1-50 ng/ml) and seems to be exerted through a block in transcriptional activity. Alterations in mRNA expression were accompanied by changes in BLT1 surface expression, and receptor down-modulation following IFN-gamma stimulation resulted in a diminished chemotactic response to LTB(4). The regulation of BLT1 mRNA and receptor protein expression was similar to the regulation of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 chemokine receptor, CC chemokine recptor 2 (CCR2). Flow cytometric analysis of fresh peripheral blood cells revealed that classical (CD14(++)CD16(-)) monocytes express high levels of BLT1 and CCR2 and that both receptors are down-regulated on CD14(+)CD16(+) monocytes. Apart from providing insight into the regulation of BLT1 in human monocytes, our results reveal a parallel expression and regulation of BLT1 and CCR2, which may help to understand monocyte trafficking during pathophysiological conditions.

Authors: Pettersson A, Sabirsh A, Bristulf J, Kidd-Ljunggren K, Ljungberg B, Owman C, Karlsson U.
Journal: J Leukoc Biol., 77(6):1018-1025
Year: 2005
PubMed: Find in PubMed