Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

Contact

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a paradigm of innate immune cross-tolerance.

Abstract

Infections are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The pathogenesis of infections is multifactorial and includes hypogammaglobulinemia, conventional therapy with alkylating drugs, and recently, purine analogs and mAb-associated T cells. Patients without these risk factors also suffer from infections, although the mechanism remains unknown. In a cohort of 70 patients with CLL, we demonstrated that their monocytes were locked into a refractory state and were unable to mount a classic inflammatory response to pathogens. In addition, they exhibited the primary features of endotoxin tolerance, including low cytokine production, high phagocytic activity, and impaired Ag presentation. The involvement of miR-146a in this phenomenon was suspected. We found miR-146a target genes, such as IRAK1 and TRAF6, were manifestly downregulated. Our study provides a new explanation for infections in patients with CLL and describes a cross-tolerance between endotoxins and tumors.

Authors: Jurado-Camino T, Córdoba R, Esteban-Burgos L, Hernández-Jiménez E, Toledano V, Hernandez-Rivas JA, Ruiz-Sainz E, Cobo T, Siliceo M, Perez de Diego R, Belda C, Cubillos-Zapata C, López-Collazo E.
Journal: J Immunol. ;194:719-27
Year: 2015
PubMed: Find in PubMed