Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Hemoglobin induces monocyte recruitment and CD163-macrophage polarization in abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Increased hemoglobin (Hb) accumulation was reported in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). CD163 is a macrophage receptor involved in tissue Hb clearance, however its role in AAA has not been reported. We investigated the role of Hb on monocyte recruitment and differentiation towards CD163 expressing macrophages ex vivo, in vitro and in human AAA. METHODS AND RESULTS: CD163 mRNA and protein expression was significantly higher in human AAA (n=7) vs. healthy wall (n=6). CD163 was predominantly found in adventitia of AAA, coinciding with areas rich in hemosiderin and adjacent to neoangiogenic microvessels. Dual CD14/CD163 expression was observed in recently infiltrated monocytes surrounding microvessels. A higher release of soluble CD163 was observed in the conditioned medium from AAA (AAA-CM, n=10), mainly in the adventitial layer. Similar to Hb, AAA-CM induced CD163-dependent monocyte chemotaxis, especially on circulating monocytes from AAA patients. Hb or AAA-CM promoted differentiation towards CD163high/HLA-DRlow-expressing macrophages, with enhanced Hb uptake, increased anti-inflammatory IL-10 secretion and decreased pro-inflammatory IL-12p40 release. All these effects were partially suppressed when Hb was removed from AAA-CM. Separate analysis on circulating monocytes reported increased percentage of pre-infiltrating CD14++CD16+ monocytes in patients with AAA (n=21), as compared to controls (n=14). A significant increase in CD163 expression in CD14++CD16+ monocyte subpopulation was observed in AAA patients. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of Hb in the adventitial AAA-wall promotes the migration and differentiation of activated circulating monocytes in AAA patients, explaining the existence of a protective CD163-macrophage phenotype that could take up the Hb present in the AAA-wall, avoiding its injurious effects.

Authors: Rubio-Navarro A, Amaro Villalobos JM, Lindholt JS, Buendía I, Egido J, Blanco-Colio LM, Samaniego R, Meilhac O, Michel JB, Martín-Ventura JL, Moreno JA.
Journal: Int J Cardiol. ;201:66-78.
Year: 2015
PubMed: Find in PubMed