Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Uremic Toxicity-Induced Eryptosis and Monocyte Modulation: The Erythrophagocytosis as a Novel Pathway to Renal Anemia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We tested the effect of uremia on red blood cell (RBC) eryptosis, CD14++/CD16+ monocytes and erythrophagocytosis. DESIGN: RBC and monocytes from chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3/4 (P-CKD3/4) or hemodialysis (HD) patients and healthy controls (HCs) cells incubated with sera pools from patients with CKD stages 2/3 (S-CKD2/3) or 4/5 (S-CKD4/5) were evaluated to assess eryptosis, monocyte phenotypes and reactive oxygen species (ROS) by cytometer. Erythrophagocytosis was evaluated by subsequent co-incubation of preincubated HC-monocytes and autologous-RBC. RESULTS: HC-eryptosis (1.3 ± 0.9%) was lower than in HD (4.3 ± 0.5%) and HC-RBC incubated with S-CKD4/5 (5.6 ± 1%). CD14++/CD16+ were augmented in P-CKD3/4 (34.6 ± 8%) and HC-monocytes incubated with S-CKD4/5 (26.4 ± 7%) than in HC (5.4 ± 1%). In these cells, ROS was increased (44.5 ± 9%; control 9.6 ± 2%) and inhibited by N-acetylcysteine (25 ± 13%). Erythrophagocytosis was increased in CD14++/CD16+ (60.8 ± 10%) than in CD14++/CD16- (15.5 ± 2%). CONCLUSIONS: Sera pools from CKD patients increase eryptosis and promote a proinflammatory monocyte phenotype. Both processes increased erythrophagocytosis, thereby suggesting a novel pathway for renal anemia.

Authors: Bonan NB, Steiner TM, Kuntsevich V, Virzì GM, Azevedo M, Nakao LS, Barreto FC, Ronco C, Thijssen S, Kotanko P, Pecoits-Filho R, Moreno-Amaral AN.
Journal: Blood Purif. ;41(4):317-23
Year: 2016
PubMed: Find in PubMed