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Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor administration modulates the surface expression of effector cell molecules on human monocytes

Abstract

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has been shown to stimulate human neutrophil functions, both in vitro and in vivo. We examined the effects of G-CSF administration on the surface expression of effector cell molecules on human neutrophils and monocytes. G-CSF (50 micrograms/m2/d) was administered subcutaneously to five healthy volunteers once a day for 7 d. Venous blood was obtained immediately before and after the completion of G-CSF administration and 1 week after the last G-CSF administration. The surface expression of complement receptors (CR), Fc receptors for IgG(FcR) and cellular adhesion molecules on human neutrophils and monocytes were determined by indirect immunofluorescence using flow cytometry and monoclonal antibodies. The expression of CR1, CR3, FcRI and FcRII on neutrophils increased significantly after G-CSF administration and then decreased after the last G-CSF administration. The expression of human leucocyte adhesion molecule-1 (LAM-1) on neutrophils reflected the above expression. On the other hand, the administration of G-CSF increased the expression of CR1, CR3, FcRI and FcRIII on monocytes. The expression of CR1, CR3 and FcRI on monocytes then decreased after the last G-CSF administration, whereas the expression of FcRIII remained at an increased level. These findings indicate that G-CSF administration modulates the expression of effector cell molecules on circulating monocytes as well as on neutrophils, resulting in enhanced defence against selected infections or in potentiation of the tumouricidal capacity of phagocytes in cancer patients.

Authors: Ohsaka A, Saionji K, Kuwaki T, Takeshima KT, Igari J
Journal: Br. J. Haematol. 89: 465
Year: 1995
PubMed: Find in PubMed