Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Tumor necrosis factor induces enhanced responses to platelet activating factor and differentiation in human monocytic Mono Mac 6 cells

Abstract

Human Mono Mac 6 cells exhibit characteristics of mature blood monocytes. Treatment of these cells with human recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (TNF) resulted in an increase in phagocytosis and phorbol myristate acetate-stimulated superoxide anion production at 12 h and growth retardation occurring at 24 h. Moreover, TNF induced a moderate increase of CD14 surface antigen expression, used as a phenotypic marker of monocyte/macrophage differentiation. Platelet-activating factor (PAF) stimulated a rapid rise in cytosolic free Ca++ ([Ca++]i) of 308 +/- 93 nM in TNF-treated cells compared to untreated cells (33 +/- 8 nM, n = 4). The effect of TNF was dose and time dependent, evident after 12 h and maximal at 48 h. The enhanced PAF-induced [Ca++]i rise was inhibited by the PAF receptor antagonist L-659,989 and EGTA, indicating receptor-dependent Ca++ influx. Furthermore, L-659,989 and PAF inhibited specific 3H-labeled PAF binding in TNF-treated, but not in untreated cells. Consistently, PAF stimulated arachidonic acid release only in TNF-treated cells. Preincubation of cells with anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies abolished TNF-induced effects, but failed to block lipopolysaccharide (LPS) effects. Distinct mechanisms of action by LPS were reflected by the different ability to induce surface antigen expression. In conclusion, the enhancement of PAF responses by TNF, associated with functional characteristics of differentiation in Mono Mac 6 cells, may represent a specific mechanism of cooperative interaction between PAF and TNF in inflammation, sepsis, immunoregulation and atherogenesis.

Authors: Weber, C., Aepfelbacher, M., Haag, H., Ziegler-Heitbrock, H.W.L., and Weber, P.C.
Journal: Eur. J. Immunol., 23:852-859
Year: 1993
PubMed: Find in PubMed