Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Cell-surface C-type lectin-like receptor CLEC-1 dampens dendritic cell activation and downstream Th17 responses.

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) represent essential antigen-presenting cells that are critical for linking innate and adaptive immunity, and influencing T-cell responses. Among pattern recognition receptors, DCs express C-type lectin receptors triggered by both exogenous and endogenous ligands, therefore dictating pathogen response, and also shaping T-cell immunity. We previously described in rat, the expression of the orphan C-type lectin-like receptor-1 (CLEC-1) by DCs and demonstrated in vitro its inhibitory role in downstream T helper 17 (Th17) activation. In this study, we examined the expression and functionality of CLEC-1 in human DCs, and show a cell-surface expression on the CD16- subpopulation of blood DCs and on monocyte-derived DCs (moDCs). CLEC-1 expression on moDCs is downregulated by inflammatory stimuli and enhanced by transforming growth factor β. Moreover, we demonstrate that CLEC-1 is a functional receptor on human moDCs and that although not modulating the spleen tyrosine kinase-dependent canonical nuclear factor-κB pathway, represses subsequent Th17 responses. Interestingly, a decreased expression of CLEC1A in human lung transplants is predictive of the development of chronic rejection and is associated with a higher level of interleukin 17A (IL17A). Importantly, using CLEC-1-deficient rats, we showed that disruption of CLEC-1 signaling led to an enhanced Il12p40 subunit expression in DCs, and to an exacerbation of downstream in vitro and in vivo CD4+ Th1 and Th17 responses. Collectively, our results establish a role for CLEC-1 as an inhibitory receptor in DCs able to dampen activation and downstream effector Th responses. As a cell-surface receptor, CLEC-1 may represent a useful therapeutic target for modulating T-cell immune responses in a clinical setting.

Authors: Lopez Robles MD, Pallier A, Huchet V, Le Texier L, Remy S, Braudeau C, Delbos L, Moreau A, Louvet C, Brosseau C, Royer PJ, Magnan A, Halary F, Josien R, Cuturi MC, Anegon I, Chiffoleau E.
Journal: Blood Adv. 2017 Mar 22;1(9):557-568
Year: 2017
PubMed: Find in PubMed