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Small tumor necrosis factor receptor biologics inhibit the tumor necrosis factor-p38 signalling axis and inflammation.

Abstract

Despite anti-TNF therapy advancements for inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, the burden of diseases remains high. An 11-mer TNF peptide, TNF70-80, is known to stimulate selective functional responses compared to the parent TNF molecule. Here, we show that TNF70-80 binds to the TNF receptor, activating p38 MAP kinase through TNF receptor-associated factor 2. Using truncated TNFR mutants, we identify the sequence in TNFRI which enables p38 activation by TNF70-80. Peptides with this TNFRI sequence, such as TNFRI206-211 bind to TNF and inhibit TNF-induced p38 activation, respiratory burst, cytokine production and adhesion receptor expression but not F-Met-Leu-Phe-induced respiratory burst in neutrophils. TNFRI206-211 does not prevent TNF binding to TNFRI or TNF-induced stimulation of ERK, JNK and NF-κB. TNFRI206-211 inhibits bacterial lipopolysaccharide-induced peritonitis, carrageenan-induced and antigen-induced paw inflammation, and respiratory syncytial virus-induced lung inflammation in mice. Our findings suggest a way of targeting TNF-p38 pathway to treat chronic inflammatory disorders.

Authors: Mukaro VR, Quach A, Gahan ME, Boog B, Huang ZH, Gao X, Haddad C, Mahalingam S, Hii CS, Ferrante A.
Journal: Nat Commun. 2018 Apr 10;9(1):1365
Year: 2018
PubMed: Find in PubMed