Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Telomere attrition in heart failure: a flow-FISH longitudinal analysis of circulating monocytes.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional investigations report shorter telomeres in patients with heart failure (HF); however, no studies describe telomere length (TL) trajectory and its relationship with HF progression. Here we aimed to investigate telomere shortening over time and its relationship to outcomes. METHODS: Our study cohort included 101 ambulatory patients with HF. Blood samples were collected at baseline (n = 101) and at the 1-year follow-up (n = 54). Using flow-FISH analysis of circulating monocytes, we simultaneously measured three monocyte subsets-classical (CD14++CD16-), intermediate (CD14++CD16+), and nonclassical (CD14+CD16++)-and their respective TLs based on FITC-labeled PNA probe hybridization. The primary endpoints were all-cause death and the composite of all-cause death or HF-related hospitalization, assessed at 2.3 ± 0.6 years. All statistical analyses were executed by using the SPSS 15.0 software, and included Students t test and ANOVA with post hoc Scheffe analysis, Pearson or Spearman rho correlation and univariate Cox regression when applicable. RESULTS: We found high correlations between TL values of different monocyte subsets: CD14++CD16+ vs. CD14++CD16-, R = 0.95, p < 0.001; CD14++CD16+ vs. CD14+CD16++, R = 0.90, p < 0.001; and CD14++CD16- vs. CD14+CD16++, R = 0.89, p < 0.001. Mean monocyte TL exhibited significant attrition from baseline to the 1-year follow-up (11.1 ± 3.3 vs. 8.3 ± 2.1, p < 0.001). TL did not significantly differ between monocyte subsets at either sampling time-point (all p values > 0.1). Cox regression analyses did not indicate that TL or ΔTL was associated with all-cause death or the composite endpoint. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this longitudinal study demonstrated a ~ 22% reduction of TL in monocytes from ambulatory patients with HF within 1 year. TL and ΔTL were not related to outcomes over long-term follow-up.

Authors: Teubel I, Elchinova E, Roura S, Fernández MA, Gálvez-Montón C, Moliner P, de Antonio M, Lupón J, Bayés-Genís A.
Journal: J Transl Med. 2018 Feb 20;16(1):35
Year: 2018
PubMed: Find in PubMed