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Monocyte function in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome

Abstract

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a malignant hematopoietic stem cell disorder that frequently evolves into acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Patients with MDS are prone to infectious complications, in part due to the presence of severe neutropenia and/or neutrophil dysfunction. However, not all patients with neutropenia become infected, suggesting that other immune cells may compensate in these patients. Monocytes are also integral to immunologic defense; however, much less is known about monocyte function in patients with MDS. In the current study, we monitor the composition of peripheral blood monocytes and several aspects of monocyte function in MDS patients, including HLA-DR expression, LPS-induced inflammatory cytokine production, and phagocytosis. We find that monocytes from MDS patients exhibit relatively normal innate immune functions compared to monocytes from healthy control subjects. We also find that HLA-DR expression is moderately increased in monocytes from MDS patients. These results suggest that monocytes could compensate for other immune deficits in MDS patients to help fight infection. We also find that the range of immune functions in monocytes from MDS patients correlates with several key clinical parameters, including blast cell count, monocyte count, and revised International Prognostic Scoring System score, suggesting that disease severity impacts monocyte function in MDS patients

Authors: Pollyea DA, Hedin BR, OConnor BP, Alper S.
Journal: J Leukoc Biol. 2018 Sep;104(3):641-647.
Year: 2018
PubMed: Find in PubMed