Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Tumour necrosis factor augments the expression of Fc IgE receptor (FceRII/CD23) on human monocytic cell lines and down-regulates interleukin-4-driven FceRII expression on monocytes


We investigated the expression of the low affinity Fc IgE receptor (Fc epsilon RII/CD23) on the human monocytic cell lines U937, THP-1, Mono-Mac-6, and cultured human peripheral blood monocytes under stimulation with human tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and other cytokines. Fc epsilon RII was demonstrated by flow cytometry analysis employing the anti-Fc epsilon RII monoclonal antibody 3-5. TNF-alpha alone had a weak but significant stimulating effect on the Fc epsilon RII expression on the cell lines U937 and THP-1, and very modestly on Mono-Mac-6 cells. TNF-alpha strongly synergized with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-4 (IL-4). IFN-alpha per se was ineffectual, but was able to increase the TNF-alpha effect. Furthermore, the action of TNF-alpha was slightly augmented by human IL-6. Similar effects were noted with TNF-beta alone or in combination with other cytokines. Interestingly, on human monocytes TNF-alpha weakly reduced the basal level of Fc epsilon RII, and markedly diminished the IL-4-induced Fc epsilon RII expression. Our results indicate that several cytokines may interact in a cytokine network to modulate Fc epsilon RII expression on monocytic cell lines. On human blood monocytes, TNF-alpha, like IFN-gamma or IL-6, counteracts the IL-4-induced Fc epsilon RII expression. These data suggest different regulatory pathways of Fc epsilon RII expression on blood monocytes and myelomonocytic cell lines.

Authors: Gessl, A., Willheim, M., Agis, H., Spittler, A., Schedle, A., Krugluger, W., Förster, O., Boltz-Nitulescu, G.
Journal: Immunol., 78: 476-481
Year: 1993
PubMed: Find in PubMed