Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Phase II trial of murine monoclonal antibody D612 combined with recombinant human monocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhM-CSF) in patients with metastatic gastrointestinal cancer


In a Phase II study, 14 patients with metastatic gastrointestinal cancer received the mAb D612 (40 mg/m2, days 4, 7, and 11) in combination with recombinant human monocyte colony-stimulating factor [(rhM-CSF) 80 micrograms/kg/days 1-14]. The combined treatment was well tolerated and resulted in characteristic biological activity associated with each of the agents. Thus, 10 of 14 patients experienced D612-associated secretory diarrhea, which responded to the prostaglandin inhibitor Indomethacin in 5 of 7 patients. rhM-CSF therapy was associated with peripheral monocytosis (peak absolute monocyte count, 1444 +/- 394/mm3) and thrombocytopenia (nadir count, 78 +/- 10/mm3). Monocyte surface marker analysis revealed a high baseline expression of CD16+ cells in our patient population with an additional increase with rhM-CSF therapy. We observed a correlation between the degree of thrombocytopenia and the pretreatment CD16+ monocyte count. Of the plasma cytokines assayed, serum Neopterin demonstrated the most consistent increase during rhM-CSF therapy. There was a significant difference in the half-life of the first and last dose of D612 (35.8 +/- 2 versus 27 +/- 2.9 h; P < 0.05). Eleven of fourteen patients developed low-moderate levels of anti-D612 antibody. Despite the observed biological activity of both rhM-CSF and D612 and the previously described in vitro synergy, no clinical antitumor responses were observed in this Phase II study.

Authors: Saleh MN, Khazaeli MB, Wheeler RH, Bucy RP, Liu T, Everson MP, Munn DH, Schlom J, LoBuglio AF
Journal: Cancer Res. 55: 4339
Year: 1995
PubMed: Find in PubMed