Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Proposed reference method for peripheral-blood monocyte counting using fluorescence-labelled monoclonal antibodies

Abstract

Flow cytometry using fluorescence-labelled monoclonal antibodies has been proposed as a possible new reference method to evaluate the monocyte counting performance of automated hematology analyzers. Since in previous studies only one such technique was applied, we investigated how different flow cytometric techniques compared to the manual differential and a hematology analyzer. Relative monocyte counts of 60 samples of the daily routine were determined on a Coulter Profile II flow cytometer after incubation with two different CD45-FITC/CD 14-PE antibody combinations and subsequent preparation with two whole-blood lysis techniques, including one no-wash technique. Results were compared to those of a 600-cell manual differential and to those of the Coulter STKS hematology analyzer. All flow cytometric methods correlated very well with the manual differential (r > or = 0.925) and none showed a significant bias. The Coulter STKS relative monocyte counts were slightly higher than those of the manual differential (8.76% vs. 8.18%). The correlations between the methods employing monoclonal antibodies were excellent (r > or = 0.995) and the mean monocyte counts identical although a small, non-systematic influence of sample preparation techniques was noted. An influence of the antibody clones was not observed. The precision of the Profile II results was far superior to that of the manual differential and the STKS. Our data show that flow cytometry employing fluorescence-labelled monoclonal antibodies is a potentially ideal new reference method for monocyte counting. However, they also show that establishing a new reference method will require extensive investigation and exact definition of the sample preparation procedure to be used.

Authors: Hübl W, Tlustos L, Erath A, Andert S, Bayer PM
Journal: Cytometry 26: 69
Year: 1996
PubMed: Find in PubMed