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Involvement of the IL-2 receptor gamma-chain (gammac) in the control by IL-4 of human monocyte and macrophage proinflammatory mediator production

Abstract

IL-4 has potent anti-inflammatory properties on monocytes and suppresses both IL-1beta and TNF-alpha production. Well-characterized components of the IL-4 receptor on monocytes include the 140-kDa alpha-chain and the IL-2R gamma-chain, gammac, which normally dimerize 1:1 for signaling from the receptor. However, mRNA levels for gammac were very low in 7-day-cultured monocytes. As mRNA levels for gammac declined with culture, so too did the ability of IL-4 to down-regulate LPS-induced TNF-alpha production. In contrast, IL-4 consistently down-regulated IL-1beta production by cultured monocytes. Immunoprecipitation and Western blot analyses demonstrated that 7-day-cultured monocytes do not express the functionally active 64-kDa gammac protein. This was associated with decreased STAT6 activation by IL-4. Studies with Abs to gammac and an IL-4 mutant that is unable to bind to gammac showed that IL-4 can suppress IL-1beta but not TNF-alpha production by LPS-stimulated monocytes in the presence of little or no functioning gammac. IL-4 also suppressed IL-1beta but not TNF-alpha production by Mono Mac 6 cells, which express minimal levels of gammac. For gammac-expressing LPS/PMA-activated U937 cells, IL-4 decreased both TNF-alpha and IL-1beta production. These results suggest that functional gammac is not present on in vitro-derived macrophages, and that while some anti-inflammatory responses to IL-4 are lost with this down-regulation of functional gammac, others are retained. We conclude that different functional responses to IL-4 by human monocytes and macrophages are regulated by different IL-4 receptor configurations.

Authors: Bonder, C.S., Dickensheets, H.L., Finlay-Jones, J.J., Donnelly, R.P., Hart, P.H.
Journal: J. Immunol. 160: 4048-4056
Year: 1998
PubMed: Find in PubMed