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Inhibition of TNF-alpha processing and TACE-mediated ectodomain shedding by ethanol

Abstract

Alcohol (EtOH) is a well-documented immunosuppressant. Acute EtOH-induced immunosuppression is partially due to suppression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) secretion. We investigated the mechanism of acute EtOH-induced TNF-alpha suppression in two monocytic cell lines, Mono Mac 6 and DRM. EtOH inhibited TNF-alpha secretion in a dose-dependent manner. However, TNF-alpha transcription was not affected by EtOH. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and confocal microscopy showed that EtOH treatment increased cell-associated TNF-alpha. Ectodomain shedding of TNF-alpha from the cell surface is mediated by TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE). In contrast with TNF-alpha, EtOH did not inhibit interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion, which does not require shedding. Furthermore, TNF p75 receptor shedding, a biomarker for TACE activity, was inhibited by EtOH in both cell lines. EtOH also inhibited TNF p75 receptor shedding in TACE-reconstituted fibroblasts, suggesting that EtOH inhibits the shedding process. These data show that acute EtOH exposure can posttranscriptionally suppress TNF-alpha production, resulting in specific defects in immune defense.

Authors: Zhang Z, Cork J, Ye P, Lei D, Schwarzenberger PO, Summer WR, Shellito JE, Nelson S, Kolls JK
Journal: Leukoc Biol 67:856-862
Year: 2000
PubMed: Find in PubMed