Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Prostaglandin E2 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha release by monocytes are modulated by phospholipides

Abstract

The regulation of pro- and anti-mediator release from cells within the alveolar space would represent a desirable mechanism serving to protect this delicate gas-exchanging region of the lung. This study investigates the effect of alveolar surfactant lipids on the regulation of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-), a potent inflammatory cytokine, and prostaglandin E2(PGE2), a lipid mediator with anti-inflammatory properties. The results of this investigation reveal a marked effect on the release of these two important mediators from a monocytic cell line, MonoMac 6 (MM6), by phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), cholesterol (Chol) and sphingomyelin (SM). PC, PE and Chol demonstrated marked downregulation of TNF- production at lipid concentrations of 125 and 250µg/ml. Interestingly, SM significantly up regulated the release of TNF- at these concentrations. However, the release of PGE2in MM6 cells incubated with the same lipids was significantly increased with PC and Chol, and significantly decreased in cells pre-treated with SM. This indicates a role for these lipids in alveolar immunoregulation.

Authors: Morris RHK, Price AJ, Tonks A, Jackson SK, Jones KP
Journal: Cytokine 12: 1717-1719
Year: 2000
PubMed: Find in PubMed