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Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine modulates inflammatory functions of monocytic cells independently of mitogen activated protein kinases

Abstract

Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is the major phospholipid of pulmonary surfactant and it is hypothesized that PC and its subspecies modulate the functions of alveolar macrophages. The most abundant of these subspecies is dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC). This study was undertaken to determine the effect of PC on monocyte function using a human monocytic cell line, MonoMac-6 (MM6). This study showed that preincubation of MM6 cells with DPPC at 125 &mgr;g/ml for 2 h inhibited the oxidative response to either zymosan or phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) by 30% (P < 0.001). This inhibition with DPPC was independent of LPS priming. When DPPC was replaced with 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl phosphatidylcholine (PAPC) there was no inhibition and in contrast a significant increase in oxidant production was observed. We also demonstrated that total PC (tPC; a heterogeneous species of PC from egg) and DPPC but not PAPC significantly inhibited the release of TNF-alpha from MM6 cells (P < 0.05). DPPC did not inhibit phosphorylation of the mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) p44/p42 or p38 in stimulated cells. Measurements of membrane fluidity with spin label EPR spectroscopy indicate that DPPC incorporation significantly alters the membrane fluidity of MM6 cells. These results suggest that DPPC, the major component of pulmonary surfactant, may play a role in modulating leucocyte inflammatory responses in the lung. This may in part be related to membrane effects but does not include alterations in p44/p42 or p38 MAPK signalling.

Authors: Tonks A, Morris RH, Price AJ, Thomas AW, Jones KP, Jackson SK
Journal: Clin Exp Immunol 124: 86-94
Year: 2001
PubMed: Find in PubMed