Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Enzymatically degraded low density lipoproteins are more potent inducers of egr-1 mRNA than oxidized or native low density lipoproteins

Abstract

Objectives: The transcription factor early growth response gene-1 (Egr-1) may contribute to atherosclerosis by inducing genes that mediate inflammation and thrombosis. Egr-1 mRNA is highly expressed in human atherosclerotic lesions. Enzymatic modification transforms LDL into atherogenic molecules (E-LDL) which are also present in atherosclerotic lesions. We have investigated whether E-LDL induces egr-1 mRNA in human monocytes.Design and Methods: Mono-Mac-6 cells were incubated with E-LDL, oxidized (Ox-LDL) and native LDL (N-LDL). Egr-1 mRNA expression was followed by quantitative RT-PCR.Results: E-LDL (25 &mgr;g cholesterol/mL) induced egr-1 mRNA maximally within 1 h and were 2.3 and 3.6 fold (p < 0.05) more effective than Ox-LDL or N-LDL. At a concentration of 10 &mgr;g/mL cholesterol, E-LDL were twofold less effective.Conclusions: These results show that E-LDL are potent inducers of egr-1 mRNA and may therefore represent a link between lipoproteins trapped in the subendothelium and enhanced expression of egr-1 in human atherosclerotic lesions.

Authors: Stoyanova E, Tesch A, Armstrong VW, Wieland E
Journal: Clin Biochem 34:483-490
Year: 2001
PubMed: Find in PubMed