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Hypertonicity suppresses ionophore-induced product formation and translocation of 5-lipoxygenase in human leukocytes

Abstract

5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) initiates the biosynthesis of proinflammatory leukotrienes from arachidonic acid (AA). Here, we demonstrate that hypertonicity suppresses ionophore-induced 5-LO product formation reversibly in isolated human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) and in Mono Mac 6 cells. Hypertonicity blocked the liberation of AA and abrogated translocation of 5-LO to the nuclear membrane. Accordingly, in the presence of exogenous AA, 5-LO product formation was less affected. The effects of hypertonicity were a result of cell shrinkage and not cytosolic hyperosmolarity. Hypertonicity did not inhibit the rapid increase in intracellular Ca(2)(+) induced by ionophores but prevented the ionophore-induced activation of p38 MAPK-regulated MAPKAP kinases, which can phosphorylate and activate 5-LO (and cPLA(2)). In summary, we show that hypertonicity blocks agonist-induced release of AA, 5-LO product formation, and translocation and in parallel, prevents activation of p38 MAPK and downstream 5-LO kinases in leukocytes.

Authors: Burkert E, Radmark O, Samuelsson B, Steinhilber D, Werz O
Journal: J Leukoc Biol 71: 477-486
Year: 2002
PubMed: Find in PubMed