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Involvement of JAM-A in mononuclear cell recruitment on inflamed or atherosclerotic endothelium: inhibition by soluble JAM-A

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The junctional adhesion molecule (JAM)-A on endothelium contributes to the inflammatory recruitment of mononuclear cells involving engagement of its integrin receptor lymphocyte function-associated antigen (LFA)-1. It is unknown whether these functions can be inhibited by soluble forms of JAM-A, whether JAM-A is expressed on atherosclerotic endothelium, and whether it participates in atherogenic recruitment of mononuclear cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adhesion assays revealed that LFA-1-mediated binding of mononuclear cells to intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 or cytokine-costimulated endothelium was dose-dependently inhibited by soluble JAM-A.Fc (sJAM-A.Fc). Similarly, sJAM-A.Fc reduced stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1alpha-triggered transendothelial chemotaxis of activated T cells and their SDF-1alpha-triggered arrest on cytokine-costimulated endothelium under flow conditions. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed an upregulation of JAM-A on early atherosclerotic endothelium of carotid arteries from apolipoprotein E-deficient (apo(-/-)) mice fed an atherogenic diet. In ex vivo perfusion assays, pretreatment of mononuclear cells with sJAM-A.Fc inhibited their very late antigen (VLA)-4-independent accumulation on atherosclerotic endothelium of these arteries. CONCLUSIONS: Soluble forms of JAM-A can be effectively applied to inhibit distinct steps of mononuclear cell recruitment on inflamed or atherosclerotic endothelium. In conjunction with its expression on atherosclerotic endothelium, this suggests a functional contribution of JAM-A to atherogenesis.

Authors: Ostermann G, Fraemohs L, Baltus T, Schober A, Lietz M, Zernecke A, Liehn EA, Weber C
Journal: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol., 25(4):729-735
Year: 2005
PubMed: Find in PubMed