Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

Contact

Granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis therapy modulates monocyte-derived dendritic cell function in patients with ulcerative colitis.

Abstract

therapeutic effects of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis (GMA). We investigated the alterations in circulating monocyte subsets and monocyte-derived dendritic cell (moDC) function after GMA therapy in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. Eighteen patients with UC were enrolled: 14 patients were responders, and 4 patients were non-responders. Peripheral venous blood was obtained within 5 min before and 5 min after GMA therapy. Flow cytometric analysis for monocyte markers (CD14/CD16) was then performed. Monocyte-derived dendritic cells were obtained and alterations in their phenotype were analyzed by flow cytometry. Their function was also analyzed in a mixed lymphocyte reaction assay between allo-naïve T lymphocytes. Flow cytometric analysis for intracellular interferon (IFN)-gamma (T-helper 1 cells) and interleukin (IL)-4 (T-helper 2 cells) was then performed for the stimulated T lymphocytes. In patients who responded to GMA, the average numbers of monocytes, especially CD16(+) monocytes, were significantly decreased after therapy (P < 0.05). In responders, post-GMA moDCs expressed significantly lower CD80 and B7-DC, which are one of the stimulation and maturation markers of dendritic cells, compared to pre-GMA moDCs. CD83, CD86 and human leukocyte antigen-DR also showed a tendency to decrease. In responders, naïve T lymphocytes stimulated with post-GMA moDCs produced significantly less IFN-gamma and IL-4 compared to those stimulated with pre-GMA moDCs. The results of our study show that some of the immunosuppressive effects of GMA therapy may be associated with the modulation of monocyte subsets and moDC function.

Authors: Iwakami Y, Sakuraba A, Sato T, Takada Y, Izumiya M, Ichikawa H, Hibi T.
Journal: Ther Apher Dial. 13(2):138-46
Year: 2009
PubMed: Find in PubMed